The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control says it is currently responding to yellow fever outbreaks in Delta, Enugu and Bauchi States, amid reports of 76 deaths recorded in November, Dr. Chikwe Ihekweazu, Director-General of NCDC, said.
This is even as yellow fever vaccine is available for free at Primary Health Care centres across the country, being part of the national childhood routine immunisation schedule.
Giving updates on the outbreak in an interview in Abuja, Ihekweazu said that following the outbreak this month, one, two and eight cluster cases and deaths were reported to the agency by the state epidemiologists of the three
He disclosed that 74 suspected cases involving 35 deaths were reported from Delta State; 70 suspected cases with 33 deaths from Enugu; and 78 suspected cases with eight deaths from Bauchi State.
The yellow fever virus is spread through the bite of an infected mosquito, the NCDC boss revealed that from preliminary investigations, three samples from Delta, one sample from Enugu, and eight samples from Bauchi were confirmed as yellow fever from the Polymerase Chain Reaction test conducted at the NCDC National Reference Laboratory, Gaduwa, FCT.
“Between November 1 and 11, a total of 222 suspected cases, 19 confirmed cases and 76 deaths have been reported from these three states,” Ihekweazu said.
He stated that most of the cases were males, with ages ranging from one to 55 years, presenting symptoms that included fever, headache, fatigue, jaundice, abdominal pain, vomiting with or without blood, epistaxis [bleeding from the nose], blood in stools/urine, According to him, as of November 7, the National Yellow Fever Emergency Operations Centre had been activated to coordinate all response activities across the affected states.
“The State Epidemiology Team in the affected states is leading the response with support from NCDC, the National Primary Health Care Development Agency and World Health Organisation.”
“National Rapid Response Teams from the NCDC have been deployed to support response activities in Delta and Enugu States,” he said.